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README.md

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tiny Bittorrent client

The goal is to supply an easy to use and simple to understand implementation of the BitTorrent specifications in python with no external dependencies except for the python standard library.

The implementation is spread over several files, each implementing a single component.

  • krpc.py - implements the basic UDP Kademila-RPC protocol layer
  • dht.py - contains the code for accessing the Mainline DHT using KRPC
  • tracker.py - implements the UDP and HTTP tracker protocol for peer discovery

KRPC Implementation

The KRPCPeer only exposes three methods:

  • init((host, port), query_handler) That takes the (host, port) tuple where it should listen and the second argument is the function that processes incoming messages.
  • shutdown() Shutdown of all threads and connections of the KRPC peer.
  • send_krpc_query((host, port), method, **kwargs) This method sends a query to a remote host specified by a (host, pool) tuple. The name and arguments to call on the remote host is given as well. An async result holder is returned, that allows to wait for a reply.

DHT Implementation

The DHT class offers the 4 DHT methods described in BEP #5 - each takes the remote host in the form of a (host, port) tuple as the first argument. The other arguments are the same as described in the specification. They all return an async result holder with the unprocessed data from the remote host:

  • ping(target_connection, sender_id)
  • find_node(target_connection, sender_id, search_id)
  • get_peers(target_connection, sender_id, info_hash)
  • announce_peer(target_connection, sender_id, info_hash, port, token, implied_port = None)

In addition, some additional helper functions are made available - these functions take care of updating the routing table and are blocking calls with a user specified timeout:

  • dht_ping(connection, timeout = 5) Returns the complete result dictionary of the call.
  • dht_find_node(search_id, timeout = 5, retries = 2) Searches iteratively for nodes with the given id and yields the connection tuple if found.
  • dht_get_peers(info_hash, timeout = 5, retries = 2) Searches iteratively for nodes with the given info_hash and yields the connection tuple if found.
  • dht_announce_peer(info_hash, implied_port = 1) Registers the availabilty of the info_hash on this node to all peers that supplied a token while searching for it.

The final three functions are used to start and shutdown the local DHT Peer and allow access to the discovered external connection infos:

  • init(listen_connection, bootstrap_connection = ('router.bittorrent.com', 6881), user_setup = {}, user_router = None) The constructor needs to know what address and port to listen on and which node to use as a bootstrap node. The run interval and some other parameters of the maintainance threads can be configured as well via the user_setup parameter. The default values are: {'discover_t': 180, 'check_t': 30, 'check_N': 10}. It is possible to provide a user implemntation for the DHT node router with the user_router parameter
  • shutdown() Start shutdown of the local DHT peer and all associated maintainance threads.
  • get_external_connection() Return the discovered external connection infos

Tracker Implementation

The tracker implementation provides functions to get the list of peers for a certain info_hash from a HTTP or UDP tracker. Each function returns a list of connection tuples with possible peers for the given info hash. The three non-optional parameters are the tracker url, info_hash and peer_id. Optionally it is possible to provide the peer ip and peer port, the amount already uploaded and downloaded as well as the amount left to download and the occasion / event of the request. This event can be either 'started', 'stopped', 'completed' or 'empty' (for regular queries).

  • http_get_peers(tracker_url, info_hash, peer_id, ip = '0.0.0.0', port = 0, uploaded = 0, downloaded = 0, left = 0, event = 'started')
  • udp_get_peers(tracker_url, info_hash, peer_id, ip = '0.0.0.0', port = 0, uploaded = 0, downloaded = 0, left = 0, event = 'started', num_want = -1, key = 0) With num_want it is possible to tell the tracker how many peers should be sent. The parameter key should be a unique key that is randomized by the client.